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About Thailand History
The Thai, most historians believe, began migrating from southern China in the early part of the Christian era. At first they formed a number of city-states in the northern part of what is present-day Thailand, in places like Chiang Saen, Chiang Rai and Chiang Mai, but these were never strong enough to exert much influence outside the immediate region. Gradually the Thais migrated further south to the broad and fertile central plains, and expanded their dominance over nearly the entire Indochina Peninsula. Contradictory as it may seem, however, recent archaeological discoveries around the northeast hamlet of Ban Chiang suggest that the world's oldest Bronze Age civilization was flourishing in Thailand some 5,000 years ago.
Sukhthai Period ( 1238-1438)
Sukhothai Was The First Thai Kingdom. It was founded in 1238 by two Thai governors , KhunBang Klang Thao (Sri Inthathit) and Khun Pha Muang who rebelled against the Khmers, and gave independence to the region. Sukhothai period was the most flourishing period of Thailand. It gained independence in 1238 and quickly expanded its boundary of influence . Sukothai Period was considered to be golden age of thai culture .
Ayutthaya period 1351-1767:
Ayutthaya , the capital of the Kingdom was found by U-Thong King in 1350 . Ayutthaya as an island is formed by The Gathering of Three Rivers, The chao Phraya, the Pasak , and surrounded by two terraces . It is easy to see why the Ayutthaya area was settled prior to this date since the site offered a variety of geographical and economic advantages the Thai King of ayutthaya became Powerful in the 14th and 15 th centuries.
Rattanakosin Period (1782-Present )
After Taksin's death, General Chakri became the first king of the Chakri dynasty, Rama I, ruling from 1782 to 1809. His first action as king was to transfer the royal capital across the river from Thonburi to Bangkok and build the Grand Palace. Rama II (1809-1824) continued the restoration begun by his predecessor.
King Chulalongkorn, Rama V (1869-1910) continued his father's tradition of reform, abolishing slavery and improving the public welfare and administrative system. Compulsory education and other educational reforms were introduced by King Vajiravudh, Rama VI (1910-1925). During the reign of King Prajadhipok, (1925-1935), Thailand changed from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. The king abdicated in 1933 .
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